I have a number of Clyde Street posts about penalty shootouts in football tournaments.
I have been trying to compile accurate observations about the penalty taker and the goalkeeper.
Last year, I wrote a post for The Conversation about penalty shootouts.
I included a reference to research by Benjamin Noel and his colleagues. His paper has appeared in the Journal of Sports Sciences (2015).
I did not cite in that post Erman Misirlisoy and Patrich Haggard’s (2014) paper on asymmetric predictability and cognitive competition in football penalty shootouts. They report data from “all 361 kicks from the 37 penalty shootouts that occurred in World Cup and Euro Cup matches over a 36-year period from 1976 to 2012”. (Benjamin Noel and his colleagues reported data on 303 kicks 1986-2012.)