IOC Rule 45: A Brief Note

I have been researching anti-doping in sport recently.

In September the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) published its 2012 List of Prohibited Substances.

In October the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Agency (ASADA) published its 2010-2011 annual results.

The Win Clean: Say No To Doping campaign for the London Olympics was launched in October too.  The launch took place in a week when there was active discussion of a Court of Arbitration for Sport decision that the International Olympic Committee’s Rule 45 that bans athletes suspended for doping for six months or more from competing at the Olympics was “invalid and unenforceable”.

Today (17 November) there is news that the British Olympic Association (BOA) Board have discussed testing their by-law (on the exclusion of athletes suspended for doping) in the Court of Arbitration for Sport. The Chair of the BOA Board, Lord Moynihan, is quoted as saying:

We now have a situation where drugs cheats will be able to compete in London 2012. We must decide: is the outcome we want a watered-down, increasingly toothless gesture towards zero tolerance?

In an iSportConnect discussion overnight, Sarah Elison has pointed out that “there are two issues to wrestle with (1) is sport a livelihood? and (2) are such bans ‘regulation’ or ‘punishment’?” Sarah observes that:

On the first, one of the reasons we shy away from lifetime bans for professionals, is because of their right to earn a living. Whilst the regulatory and disciplinary process can temporarily deprive them of this there remains a possibility of remediation and a return to the profession in which they (and we) have invested. At a recent conference we discussed sports bans and noted that even a short (2 year) ban for an athlete such as a young gymnast could in reality be a “lifetime” ban for the time they would be at the top of their sport. Whether athletes could argue such bans deprive them of a right to earn a living is separate discussion and has its own case law.

The second point considers the purpose of sanctions. In professional regulation we regulate to “protect the public”, to “maintain and uphold standards” and to ensure “trust and confidence”. Regulatory sanctions are aimed at this, and any punitive effect is acknowledged to be a by-product. It seems the language of the BOA is about punishment for cheats but when you focus on punishing there is a risk of disproportionate and inflexible sanctions. The sports’ bodies need to be clear about their intentions.

She concludes that:

It seems to me there is scope for bans which potentially last a lifetime but with the option of restoration (not overturning the ban but reviewing it after a minimum period of time). Such a model can maintain integrity and reputation in sport and keep out, for an appropriate period, those deemed unsuitable to compete.

This debate in encouraging me to contemplate whether integrity and reputation are absolute or relative constructs.


The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) will hold a hearing on 12 March 2012 to consider the British Olympic Association’s (BOA) bylaw for lifetime bans for drugs cheats. A verdict will be announced in April. The BOA lodged an appeal in December 2011.

The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) has registered the appeal filed by the British Olympic Association (BOA), against the decision by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) to declare the BOA’s selection policy addressing athlete eligibility standards for Team GB to be non-compliant with the World Anti-Doping Code.

The appellant BOA requests that the WADA decision be overturned. The case will be handled in accordance with the procedural rules set out in the Code of Sports-related Arbitration. The parties will first exchange written submissions and will then be heard at a hearing, the date of which will be fixed in 2012. A final ruling is expected in April 2012.

Integrity in Sport Update: November 2011

In the last two days two items have appeared that add more opportunities to reflect on integrity in sport.

One of them is particularly poignant.

In one of his last discussions in the media Peter Roebuck, who died on 12 November, joined Harsha Bhogle and Osman Samiuddin on ESPNCricinfo’s Time Out to discuss the topic ‘National boards must lead fight against corruption’. The discussion centred on spot fixing.

The second item comes from India too. At the Kabaddi World Cup five Australians failed drug tests and two others refused to give urine samples, leaving the country. Australia was unable to field a team for their match against Afghanistan on Saturday. It was reported also that “US team member Manjinder Singh allegedly tried to substitute his urine samples with water and verbally abused National Anti-Doping Agency (NADA) staff when he was caught”. There is a link on the Kabaddi Federation’s page to anti-doping.

Another press report notes that “so far, 29 players, from Canada, Britain, the US, Norway, Spain, and India, have tested positive to banned substances”.

There is a news item on Radio National about this event.

Photo Credit

Kabaddi Match

Integrity and Achievement

This is a brief post to celebrate Samantha Stosur‘s victory over Serena Williams in the Women’s Singles at the US Tennis Open 2011.

Performance is a key theme in my blog.

I am fascinated by the process by which athletes prepare to perform. I am fascinated too by the realisation of the readiness to perform in actual performance.

I look out for athletes’ performances of understanding.

I think Sam Stosur’s win at the US Open Tennis is a great case study in this realisation and demonstration of performances of understanding. It provides an opportunity to reflect on the integrity of and in sport too.

For me:

There was:

  • A technically and tactically outstanding first set.

Source: IBM data

Source: IBM data

I thought the game had everything an observer could want in a game of tennis. I do think that Eva Asderaki’s decision in the first game of the second set contains within it the essence of the integrity of sport. It reminded me again of the partnership players have with officials in making a game … and the role spectators have in engaging in a sporting event either at the event or through a live broadcast.

Photo Credit

Sam Stosur’s Blog