2017 in review: curating an open educational resource for sport informatics and analytics

In the last year, I have been able to spend time on most days curating the OERu course Sport Informatics and Analytics.  The ease of editing Wikieducator makes this curation a delight rather than an obligation.

One of the features of the OERu guidelines for course sharing is the inclusion of an outline for the course that contains links to all pages and sections. This outline has grown significantly in 2017 as I have added topics to the course. I am particularly interested how these links (120 at the moment) can be used as microcontent and create an opportunity for open badges in 2018.

The main sections of the course are:

Course description

Introductions

Pattern Recognition

Performance Monitoring

Audiences and Messages

Ethical Issues

The Quantified Self

Using R

Visualising Data

Feedforward

Communities of Practice

Knowledge Discovery

Capstone

A four decade journey in performance analysis and analytics

The end of a calendar year is a good time to reflect on learning journeys. This December, I have been thinking back over four decades.

My fascination with performance analysis and analytics started with my role as a teacher of physical education and as a young coach in the 1970s. In 1977, I started to take responsibility for coaching club rugby union. My role models were Tony Gray, Jim Greenwood, Ray Williams and John Dawes. I think my roots in applied performance analysis were set then. Thereafter, whatever work I did in analysis was focussed on supporting coaches and athletes.

A decade later, in 1987, I was starting the write up of my part-time PhD at the University of Surrey. I had spent three years observing the teaching of physical education in two schools and was immersed in the ethnographic literature. My supervisor introduced me to the work of Miller Mair and from that time I have been keen to explore performance analysis and analytics as storytelling and story sharing.

These are the kinds of things I learned from Miller:

Our worlds are structured in metaphor and images. We can only tell stories from conjured images of what we suppose we are and what we suppose we know, within the language and assumptions of our place and time.

Every telling (whether in psychotherapy, science, the market place or the lovers bed) is a composition with personal intentions. Every telling is partial, suffused with personal interest.

Every telling has to be in some manner and style. Even when we seek to be plain and blunt we are using stylistic devices for signifying plainness and bluntness.

Science has tried to be ‘the story to end all stories’, or a story trying its hardest not to seem like a story at all, but the way things are. Every group has its own sanctioned ways of telling for different purposes and contexts, its ways of listening, ways of evaluating. The ‘hard’ approaches to science have their own ways of telling set up in such a way as to seem and claim to be above and separate from mere telling, beyond any contamination in the telling itself.

But stories are partial and political. We all have vested interests in our psychological and other tellings.

My thesis ended up being a collection of stories. Two of them are:

Do people who have lost their voice have to do it?

Anush and basketball fever

I had started doing some hand notations of rugby and lacrosse whilst I was at St Mary’s College at Strawberry Hill (1978-1986) and had been using VHS video recordings of performance. By the time my PhD was submitted, I had written a book about the use of video in sport.

The next decade took me into the digital era but strongly connected to storytelling (Are we all performance analysts? (1998)). I was fortunate to spend this decade at the Cardiff Institute of Higher Education (later UWIC and subsequently Cardiff Met).

I was a guest at the Sports Coach conference in Melbourne in November 1998.

I took with me  one of the first digital cameras and an early example of a portable analysis system that had been developed by Tony Kirkbride. My presentation to the conference is archived on Slideshare.

These are two of slides I shared at the conference:

and

I provided an example of my own use of digital stills in coaching as I tried out the new technology.

A decade later, I was at the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) in Canberra. I rode the wave of digital technologies and was part of a decade that saw the full-fledged software as a service era and the emergence of a video repository for online and near line access on demand. In 2005, I had the opportunity to develop a proposal for funding for three analytics positions. We were also using Australia’s supercomputers and high speed infrastructure to share large amounts of swimming video and data (up to 1tb). By 2007, we had started a data analytics project for the Beijing Olympics that contributed to a gold medal performance and had developed a stable machine learning approach to support cricket coaches in the Ashes Series.

The opportunities I had at the AIS gave me wonderful freedom to explore and champion disruption in the support an institute could offer to the daily training and competition environments.  I was fortunate that my line managers were able to see beyond the narrow limits of videography and coding and embrace a digital age that celebrated knowledge discovery in databases.

Much of my work in the decade following the AIS innovations has been spent exploring open access sharing. In 2017, my focus has been to use the plethora of online education platforms to continue my own learning and to share resources with others in a world that now sees the sharing, aggregating and curating of digital artifacts as a normal activity.

My most recent learning experiences have been with R and ggplot 2.

Reflecting on this four decade journey from analogue to digital experiences has been a fascinating experience. It was helped by a presentation I gave in Ireland earlier this year, Are We There Yet?

What excites me is how present day researchers are using technologies and creating innovative communities of practice that are accelerating our understanding of performance.

When I started my learning journey in the 1970s, it was possible to aspire to be a polymath in performance analysis and analytics. Four decades on the flourishing of all forms of enquiry make that much more difficult.

I am relishing the next decade and am wondering what my experience will be when I look back from 2027.

I am hopeful it will be more like:

than

Photo Credits

Interesting sidelines (scsmith4, CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)

Miller Mair (Constructivist Psychology)

2008 McLaren Park CX Tilt Shift (Steven Woo, CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)

Geen hulp voor Giusto Cerutti (Nationaal Archief, no known copyright restrictions)

Valerij, Anatolij and Dynamo Kyiv’s Golden Years

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Introduction

I have been researching Valerij Lobanovs’kyj’s coaching career at Dynamo Kiev. I am particularly interested in his partnership with the statistician and analyst Anatolij Zelentsov.

I believe their partnership is a defining moment (that extended over three decades) for those of us involved in the analysis of performance and the quest for actionable insights.

There are two parts to their partnership at Dynamo Kyiv: 1974-1990; and 1997-2002.

Over these two periods, Dynamo Kyiv’s goals scored and conceded were:

The gap in the data between seasons 18 and 19 signal Valerij’s absence from the club. When he left at the end of the 1990 season, Dynamo Kyiv were in the USSR Vysshaya Liga. On his return in 1997, the team were in the Ukraine Premyer Liga.

1974-1990 Vysshaya Liga (USSR)

In the eighteen seasons Valerlij and Anatolij were together at Dynamo Kiev, the club won: eight Vysshaya Liga titles ( 1974, 1975, 1977, 1980, 1981, 1985, 1986, 1990); six Soviet Cup finals (1974, 1978, 1982, 1985, 1987, 1990); two UEFA Cupwinners’ Cup competitions (1975, 1986); and the UEFA Super Cup (1975).

In 1976, the Vysshaya Liga was divided into two seasons (Spring and Autumn). The club finished seventh in the Spring and second in the Autumn. In that year Valrij coached the Russian Olympic football team that won a bronze medal at the Montreal Olympics. Valerij coached the Russian national team in the 1983 and 1984 seasons. Dynamo Kiev had their worst two years in the Liga since Valerij had arrived (7th in 1983, 10th in 1984). When he returned in 1985, Dynamo Kyiv won the league title and did so again the following year.

In 1974-1975, Dynamo Kyiv defeated CSK Sofia, Eintrach Frankfurt, Bursaspor, PSV Eindhoven, and Ferencvaros (3v0 in Basel) to with the UEFA European Cupwinners’ competition.

In 1985-1986, their opponents were: Utrecht, Craiova (100,000 spectators saw the second leg at Kyiv), Rapid Wien, Dukla Prague, and Atletico Madrid.  Dynamo Kyiv won the final 3v0 in Lyon.

1997-2002 Premyer Liga (Ukraine)

Valerij returned to Dynamo Kyiv at the start of the 1997-1998 season. At this time the team were in the Ukrainian Premyer Liga. In Valerij and Anatolij’s second partnership at the club, Dynamo Kyiv won four consecutive league titles (1997-1998, 1998-1999, 1999-2000, 2000-2001); and three Ukraine Cup Finals (1998, 1999, 2000).

Valerij’s last game was away against Metalurg Zaporizhya on 7 May 2002. He suffered a stroke shortly after the game and died a week later on 13 May. Dynamo had won the game 3v1 and were leading the League by four points. In that season they had won 17 of the 21 games they had played, were undefeated and had scored 52 goals and conceded 7. Their only defeat that year came in round 25 when Shakhtar Donetsk beat them 2v0 to win the title by one point.

Anatolij died four years later. He was still working with the club at the time of his death.

Greater than the sum of their parts

I have been fascinated by a friendship that started in 1968 and only ended with Valerij’s death in 2002. This friendship combined a very special coach and an analyst who was around at the time it became possible to use computers in sport. Together they took part in a golden age of Dynamo Kyiv football and did so in two distinct phases of their careers.

I thought this quote, attributed to Anatolij, embodies what this friendship meant:

Ideas are good, but most important is to realise them in practice. Valerij is the unsurpassed master in the realisation of ideas. What’s more, he does it in his own way. (GOTP, 2015)

Photo Credits

Dynamo Kyiv 1975 (Game of the People, 2 November 2015)

The group of four (Pasquale)

Valerij Lobanovs’kyj (Alchetron)

Anatolij Zeletsov obituary (Dynamo Kiev)

Postscript

This is my fourth post about Valeij and his coaching career. The four posts are my belated attempt to research a remarkable part of football history that has relevance for coaches and analysts. The limitations of language have prevented me from pursuing granular detail in this research.

The posts combine three of my passions: coaching; analysis and analytics; life history.

Valerij, Anatoli, Oleh and Mykhailo

Valerij Lobanovs’kyj

Anatolij Zelentsov