I ‘met’ Bernard Benjamin when I read the paper on Skill and Chance he co-authored with Charles Reep in 1968.
I include his photograph here as it has been difficult to find one of Charles.
There is no author affiliation for Bernard (or Charles) in the paper. His wikipedia entry and a 2003 obituary indicate that he was working for the Greater London Council at that time as the first Director of the Intelligence Unit (“an independent fact-finding department to which to harness forward planning”).
Bernard served as a statistician in the RAF from 1943 to 1945 (Haberman, 2003). Charles had joined the RAF in 1928 and retired from the service as a Wing Commander in 1955. Perhaps their service experience connected them.
Two years after the publication of the Skill and Chance paper he became President of the Royal Statistical Society. Steven Haberman wrote of him “He was particularly adept at conveying statistical ideas in a clear manner, without recourse to jargon or indeed mathematical notation”. (2003:681)
A copy of his Presidential Address appeared in the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society in 1971. In his discussion of the role of the statistician, he observes:
The statistician can help best by increasing the amount and relevance of information that can be made available and by using his skill to analyse this information in such a way as to enable the consequences of decisions to be predicted as, far as possible, before they are irrevocably translated into action. (1971:3)
For his own satisfaction and for maximum effectiveness the statistician will want to be so articulate as to almost signpost the ultimate choice of strategy. (1971:6)
Now more than ever there is a need for efficient statistical organization, for the skill of the statistician in assessing specific information needs and for his inventiveness tackling the new measurement problems … The statistician also has the important task, on occasion, of demonstrating that the marginal improvement information stemming from a more complicated system however fashionable and status-winning it may appear, is not worth the additional cost; just as, on occasion, he may, equally, have to prove that it is. (1971:9)
The primary object of the statistical method is to render comprehensible a mass of information which would otherwise defy the normal human mental capacity. (1971:9)
Bernard died the same year as Charles, 2002. Bernard was 92, Charles 90. I am thinking that Charles’ meeting with Bernard back in the 1960s provided the rigour required for this kind of conclusion to be drawn from the analysis of Charles’ notation:
The observation that there is a stochastic element in the number of goals arising from a particular number of shots in one match (as well as a near-constant proportion over a larger series of matches) is easy for a statistician to accept; indeed he would be surprised if it were otherwise. It indicates, of course, that an excess of shots by one team does not mean that, by chance, the other side will not get more goals and thus win the match. All this is so far removed from current soccer beliefs and tactics that general acceptance of the random element has been inhibited (though one of us, C. R., has shown that a successful style of play can be built upon it). (1968:585).
Bernard Benjamin (Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 1971)
Wales versus Ireland football international at Wrexham (Library of Wales, no nown copyright)